It is possible to buy almost anything over the internet these days. Unfortunately, scammers can use the anonymous nature of the internet to rip off unsuspecting shoppers.
Scammers can pretend to be selling a product—often very cheaply—just so they can steal your credit card or bank account details. Similarly, they may take your money but send you a faulty or worthless product instead—or even nothing at all.
Most online auction sites put a lot of effort into spotting scammers, which is why scammers will often try to get people to make a deal outside the auction site. They may claim that the winner of an auction that you were bidding in has pulled out, and then offer the item for sale to you. Once they have your money, you will never hear from them again and the auction site will not be able to help you.
Another common trick is for an online auction to be rigged by the scammers. If you are selling a product, the scammer can enter a low bid followed by a very high bid under another name. Just before the auction closes, the high bid will be withdrawn and the scammer’s low bid will win. If you are buying a product, the scammer can arrange for ‘dummy bidders’ to boost the price up.
Other online shopping scams involve the sale of a product —such as a miracle cure or weight loss product—that does not live up to its claims. It can be very difficult to get your money back in these situations, especially if the other party is based overseas.
Find out exactly who you are dealing with. If it is an Australian company you are in a much better position to sort out the problem if something goes wrong. Make sure you know the full price of the product in Australian dollars (a lot of online shopping prices are quoted in $US), including any delivery charges.
Ask yourself if the claims made about the product are reasonable or just too good to be true. Be suspicious of online shopping websites that do not give their full contact details (physical or street address as well as phone and fax numbers).
Be very careful about paying by credit card and make sure the website used for payments is secure. Look for an unbroken key or lock at the bottom of the browser window, or a web address beginning with ‘https//:’
Also check to see if the website has a refund or returns policy and if so, if its policies sound fair. The better online shopping and auction sites have detailed complaint or dispute handling processes in place in case something goes wrong.
If the auction site uses a feedback rating system, check all the comments about the seller you are considering buying from.
If you have any doubts about the product in question, or the person selling it, don’t go ahead with the deal. Online shopping and auction scams can cost you money and time in trying to sort out the mess.
If the offer looks genuine (and is not ‘too good to be true’), and the online store or auction service is trustworthy, then you can go ahead with the purchase.
You may want to use an ‘escrow’ service if you are buying something at auction. This is a service that collects the payment from you, and only releases it to the trader or seller when you have confirmed that the product has arrived and is what was paid for. There is usually a small fee for this service. Only use a reputable escrow service (online auction sites may provide a list of recommended providers).
If you have bought something online and there is a problem, you should first try to contact the trader or auction service. There may be a legitimate reason for the problem. If you are not satisfied with this, and suspect that it may be a scam, you can report it through the SCAMwatch website.
If you have paid by credit card, you may be able to arrange a charge-back through your bank or credit union if there has been some sort of fraud involved. This will effectively reverse the transaction.
You should also warn your family and friends about the suspected scammer.
Spyware is a type of software that spies on what you do on your computer. Key-loggers record what keys you press on your keyboard. Scammers can use them to steal your online banking passwords or other personal information.
Phishing emails are fake emails usually pretending to be from banks or other financial institutions. They make up some reason for you to give your account details and then use these details to steal your money.